Class MapAggregator<U extends Comparable<U> & Serializable,​X>

  • Type Parameters:
    X - the type that is returned by the currently set of mapper function. the next added mapper function will be called with a parameter of this type as input
    U - the type of the index values returned by the `mapper function`, used to group results
    All Implemented Interfaces:
    Mappable<X>

    public class MapAggregator<U extends Comparable<U> & Serializable,​X>
    extends Object
    implements Mappable<X>
    A MapReducer with built-in aggregation by an arbitrary index.

    This class provides similar functionality as a MapReducer, with the difference that here the `reduce` does automatic aggregation of results by the values returned by an arbitrary indexing function.

    All results for which the set `indexer` returns the same value are aggregated into separate "bins". This can be used to aggregate results by timestamp, geographic region, user id, osm tag, etc.

    Internally, this wraps around an existing MapReducer object, which still continues to be responsible for all actual calculations.

    • Method Detail

      • aggregateBy

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <V extends Comparable<V> & SerializableMapAggregator<OSHDBCombinedIndex<U,​V>,​X> aggregateBy​(SerializableFunction<X,​V> indexer,
                                                                                                                         Collection<V> zerofill)
        Sets up aggregation by another custom index.
        Parameters:
        indexer - a callback function that returns an index object for each given data
        zerofill - a collection of values that are expected to be present in the result
        Returns:
        a MapAggregatorByIndex object with the new index applied as well
      • aggregateBy

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <V extends Comparable<V> & SerializableMapAggregator<OSHDBCombinedIndex<U,​V>,​X> aggregateBy​(SerializableFunction<X,​V> indexer)
        Sets up aggregation by another custom index.
        Parameters:
        indexer - a callback function that returns an index object for each given data.
        Returns:
        a MapAggregatorByIndex object with the new index applied as well
      • aggregateByTimestamp

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<OSHDBCombinedIndex<U,​OSHDBTimestamp>,​X> aggregateByTimestamp​(SerializableFunction<X,​OSHDBTimestamp> indexer)
        Sets up aggregation by a custom time index.

        The timestamps returned by the supplied indexing function are matched to the corresponding time intervals

        Parameters:
        indexer - a callback function that returns a timestamp object for each given data. Note that if this function returns timestamps outside of the supplied timestamps() interval results may be undefined
        Returns:
        a MapAggregatorByTimestampAndIndex object with the equivalent state (settings, filters, map function, etc.) of the current MapReducer object
      • aggregateByGeometry

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <V extends Comparable<V> & Serializable,​P extends org.locationtech.jts.geom.Geometry & org.locationtech.jts.geom.Polygonal> MapAggregator<OSHDBCombinedIndex<U,​V>,​X> aggregateByGeometry​(Map<V,​P> geometries)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   throws UnsupportedOperationException
        Aggregates the results by sub-regions as well, in addition to the timestamps.

        Cannot be used together with the `groupByEntity()` setting enabled.

        Returns:
        a MapAggregator object with the equivalent state (settings, filters, map function, etc.) of the current MapReducer object
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - if this is called when the `groupByEntity()` mode has been activated
        UnsupportedOperationException - when called after any map or flatMap functions are set
      • areaOfInterest

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> areaOfInterest​(OSHDBBoundingBox bboxFilter)
        Set the area of interest to the given bounding box.

        Only objects inside or clipped by this bbox will be passed on to the analysis' `mapper` function.

        Parameters:
        bboxFilter - the bounding box to query the data in
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • areaOfInterest

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <P extends org.locationtech.jts.geom.Geometry & org.locationtech.jts.geom.Polygonal> MapAggregator<U,​X> areaOfInterest​(P polygonFilter)
        Set the area of interest to the given polygon. Only objects inside or clipped by this polygon will be passed on to the analysis' `mapper` function.
        Parameters:
        polygonFilter - the bounding box to query the data in
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmType

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmType​(Set<OSMType> typeFilter)
        Deprecated.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Limits the analysis to the given osm entity types.
        Parameters:
        typeFilter - the set of osm types to filter (e.g. `EnumSet.of(OSMType.WAY)`)
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmEntityFilter

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmEntityFilter​(OSMEntityFilter f)
        Deprecated.
        Adds a custom arbitrary filter that gets executed for each osm entity and determines if it should be considered for this analyis or not.
        Parameters:
        f - the filter function to call for each osm entity
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmTag

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmTag​(OSMTagInterface tag)
        Deprecated.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Adds an osm tag filter: The analysis will be restricted to osm entities that have this tag key (with an arbitrary value), or this tag key and value.
        Parameters:
        tag - the tag (key, or key and value) to filter the osm entities for
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this mapReducer (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmTag

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmTag​(String key)
        Deprecated.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Adds an osm tag filter: The analysis will be restricted to osm entities that have this tag key (with an arbitrary value).
        Parameters:
        key - the tag key to filter the osm entities for
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmTag

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmTag​(String key,
                                               String value)
        Deprecated.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Adds an osm tag filter: The analysis will be restricted to osm entities that have this tag key and value.
        Parameters:
        key - the tag key to filter the osm entities for
        value - the tag value to filter the osm entities for
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmTag

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmTag​(String key,
                                               Collection<String> values)
        Deprecated.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Adds an osm tag filter: The analysis will be restricted to osm entities that have this tag key and one of the given values.
        Parameters:
        key - the tag key to filter the osm entities for
        values - an array of tag values to filter the osm entities for
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmTag

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmTag​(String key,
                                               Pattern valuePattern)
        Adds an osm tag filter: The analysis will be restricted to osm entities that have a tag with the given key and whose value matches the given regular expression pattern.
        Parameters:
        key - the tag key to filter the osm entities for
        valuePattern - a regular expression which the tag value of the osm entity must match
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • osmTag

        @Deprecated
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> osmTag​(Collection<? extends OSMTagInterface> tags)
        Deprecated.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Adds an osm tag filter: The analysis will be restricted to osm entities that have at least one of the supplied tags (key=value pairs or key=*).
        Parameters:
        tags - the tags (key/value pairs or key=*) to filter the osm entities for
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • sum

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Number> sum()
                                      throws Exception
        Sums up the results.

        The current data values need to be numeric (castable to "Number" type), otherwise a runtime exception will be thrown.

        Returns:
        the sum of the current data
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - if the data cannot be cast to numbers
        Exception
      • sum

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R extends NumberSortedMap<U,​R> sum​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper)
                                                    throws Exception
        Sums up the results provided by a given `mapper` function.

        This is a shorthand for `.map(mapper).sum()`, with the difference that here the numerical return type of the `mapper` is ensured.

        Type Parameters:
        R - the numeric type that is returned by the `mapper` function
        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns the numbers to sum up
        Returns:
        the summed up results of the `mapper` function
        Throws:
        Exception
      • count

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Integer> count()
                                         throws Exception
        Counts the number of results.
        Returns:
        the total count of features or modifications, summed up over all timestamps
        Throws:
        Exception
      • uniq

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Set<X>> uniq()
                                       throws Exception
        Gets all unique values of the results.

        For example, this can be used together with the OSMContributionView to get the total amount of unique users editing specific feature types.

        Returns:
        the set of distinct values
        Throws:
        Exception
      • uniq

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R> SortedMap<U,​Set<R>> uniq​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper)
                                           throws Exception
        Gets all unique values of the results provided by a given mapper function.

        This is a shorthand for `.map(mapper).uniq()`.

        Type Parameters:
        R - the type that is returned by the `mapper` function
        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns some values
        Returns:
        a set of distinct values returned by the `mapper` function
        Throws:
        Exception
      • countUniq

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Integer> countUniq()
                                             throws Exception
        Counts all unique values of the results.

        For example, this can be used together with the OSMContributionView to get the number of unique users editing specific feature types.

        Returns:
        the set of distinct values
        Throws:
        Exception
      • average

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Double> average()
                                          throws Exception
        Calculates the averages of the results.

        The current data values need to be numeric (castable to "Number" type), otherwise a runtime exception will be thrown.

        Returns:
        the average of the current data
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - if the data cannot be cast to numbers
        Exception
      • average

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R extends NumberSortedMap<U,​Double> average​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper)
                                                             throws Exception
        Calculates the average of the results provided by a given `mapper` function.
        Type Parameters:
        R - the numeric type that is returned by the `mapper` function
        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns the numbers to average
        Returns:
        the average of the numbers returned by the `mapper` function
        Throws:
        Exception
      • weightedAverage

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Double> weightedAverage​(SerializableFunction<X,​WeightedValue> mapper)
                                                  throws Exception
        Calculates the weighted average of the results provided by the `mapper` function.

        The mapper must return an object of the type `WeightedValue` which contains a numeric value associated with a (floating point) weight.

        Parameters:
        mapper - function that gets called for each entity snapshot or modification, needs to return the value and weight combination of numbers to average
        Returns:
        the weighted average of the numbers returned by the `mapper` function
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedMedian

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Double> estimatedMedian()
                                                  throws Exception
        Returns an estimate of the median of the results.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Returns:
        estimated median
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedMedian

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R extends NumberSortedMap<U,​Double> estimatedMedian​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper)
                                                                     throws Exception
        Returns an estimate of the median of the results after applying the given map function.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns the numbers to generate the mean for
        Returns:
        estimated median
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedQuantile

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​Double> estimatedQuantile​(double q)
                                                    throws Exception
        Returns an estimate of a requested quantile of the results.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Parameters:
        q - the desired quantile to calculate (as a number between 0 and 1)
        Returns:
        estimated quantile boundary
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedQuantile

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R extends NumberSortedMap<U,​Double> estimatedQuantile​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper,
                                                                              double q)
                                                                       throws Exception
        Returns an estimate of a requested quantile of the results after applying the given map function.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns the numbers to generate the quantile for
        q - the desired quantile to calculate (as a number between 0 and 1)
        Returns:
        estimated quantile boundary
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedQuantiles

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​List<Double>> estimatedQuantiles​(Iterable<Double> q)
                                                           throws Exception
        Returns an estimate of the quantiles of the results.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Parameters:
        q - the desired quantiles to calculate (as a collection of numbers between 0 and 1)
        Returns:
        estimated quantile boundaries
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedQuantiles

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R extends NumberSortedMap<U,​List<Double>> estimatedQuantiles​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper,
                                                                                     Iterable<Double> q)
                                                                              throws Exception
        Returns an estimate of the quantiles of the results after applying the given map function.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns the numbers to generate the quantiles for
        q - the desired quantiles to calculate (as a collection of numbers between 0 and 1)
        Returns:
        estimated quantile boundaries
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedQuantiles

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​DoubleUnaryOperator> estimatedQuantiles()
                                                                  throws Exception
        Returns a function that computes estimates of arbitrary quantiles of the results.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Returns:
        a function that computes estimated quantile boundaries
        Throws:
        Exception
      • estimatedQuantiles

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R extends NumberSortedMap<U,​DoubleUnaryOperator> estimatedQuantiles​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper)
                                                                                     throws Exception
        Returns a function that computes estimates of arbitrary quantiles of the results after applying the given map function.

        Uses the t-digest algorithm to calculate estimates for the quantiles in a map-reduce system: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tdunning/t-digest/master/docs/t-digest-paper/histo.pdf

        Parameters:
        mapper - function that returns the numbers to generate the quantiles for
        Returns:
        a function that computes estimated quantile boundaries
        Throws:
        Exception
      • forEach

        @Deprecated
        public void forEach​(SerializableBiConsumer<U,​List<X>> action)
                     throws Exception
        Deprecated.
        only for testing purposes. use `.collect().forEach()` or `.stream().forEach()` instead
        Iterates over the results of this data aggregation.

        This method can be handy for testing purposes. But note that since the `action` doesn't produce a return value, it must facilitate its own way of producing output.

        If you'd like to use such a "forEach" in a non-test use case, use `.collect().forEach()` or `.stream().forEach()` instead.

        Parameters:
        action - function that gets called for each transformed data entry
        Throws:
        Exception
      • collect

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​List<X>> collect()
                                           throws Exception
        Collects the results of this data aggregation into Lists.
        Returns:
        an aggregated map of lists with all results
        Throws:
        Exception
      • stream

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public Stream<Map.Entry<U,​X>> stream()
                                            throws Exception
        Returns all results as a Stream.
        Returns:
        a stream with all results returned by the `mapper` function
        Throws:
        Exception
      • map

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R> MapAggregator<U,​R> map​(SerializableFunction<X,​R> mapper)
        Set an arbitrary `map` transformation function.
        Specified by:
        map in interface Mappable<U extends Comparable<U> & Serializable>
        Type Parameters:
        R - an arbitrary data type which is the return type of the transformation `map` function
        Parameters:
        mapper - function that will be applied to each data entry (osm entity snapshot or contribution)
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this MapAggregator object operating on the transformed type R
      • flatMap

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <R> MapAggregator<U,​R> flatMap​(SerializableFunction<X,​Iterable<R>> flatMapper)
        Set an arbitrary `flatMap` transformation function, which returns list with an arbitrary number of results per input data entry.

        The results of this function will be "flattened", meaning that they can be for example transformed again by setting additional `map` functions.

        Specified by:
        flatMap in interface Mappable<U extends Comparable<U> & Serializable>
        Type Parameters:
        R - an arbitrary data type which is the return type of the transformation `map` function
        Parameters:
        flatMapper - function that will be applied to each data entry (osm entity snapshot or contribution) and returns a list of results
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this MapAggregator object operating on the transformed type R
      • filter

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> filter​(SerializablePredicate<X> f)
        Adds a custom arbitrary filter that gets executed in the current transformation chain.
        Specified by:
        filter in interface Mappable<U extends Comparable<U> & Serializable>
        Parameters:
        f - the filter function that determines if the respective data should be passed on (when f returns true) or discarded (when f returns false)
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
      • filter

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> filter​(FilterExpression f)
        Apply a custom filter expression to this query.
        Parameters:
        f - the FilterExpression to apply
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
        See Also:
        oshdb-filter readme and org.heigit.ohsome.oshdb.filter for further information about how to create such a filter expression object.
      • filter

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public MapAggregator<U,​X> filter​(String f)
        Apply a textual filter to this query.
        Parameters:
        f - the filter string to apply
        Returns:
        a modified copy of this object (can be used to chain multiple commands together)
        See Also:
        oshdb-filter readme for a description of the filter syntax.
      • reduce

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public <S> SortedMap<U,​S> reduce​(SerializableSupplier<S> identitySupplier,
                                               SerializableBiFunction<S,​X,​S> accumulator,
                                               SerializableBinaryOperator<S> combiner)
                                        throws Exception
        Map-reduce routine with built-in aggregation.

        This can be used to perform an arbitrary reduce routine whose results are aggregated separately according to some custom index value.

        The combination of the used types and identity/reducer functions must make "mathematical" sense:

        • the accumulator and combiner functions need to be associative,
        • values generated by the identitySupplier factory must be an identity for the combiner function: `combiner(identitySupplier(),x)` must be equal to `x`,
        • the combiner function must be compatible with the accumulator function: `combiner(u, accumulator(identitySupplier(), t)) == accumulator.apply(u, t)`

        Functionally, this interface is similar to Java11 Stream's reduce(identity,accumulator,combiner) interface.

        Type Parameters:
        S - the data type used to contain the "reduced" (intermediate and final) results
        Parameters:
        identitySupplier - a factory function that returns a new starting value to reduce results into (e.g. when summing values, one needs to start at zero)
        accumulator - a function that takes a result from the `mapper` function (type <R>) and an accumulation value (type <S>, e.g. the result of `identitySupplier()`) and returns the "sum" of the two; contrary to `combiner`, this function is allowed to alter (mutate) the state of the accumulation value (e.g. directly adding new values to an existing Set object)
        combiner - a function that calculates the "sum" of two <S> values; this function must be pure (have no side effects), and is not allowed to alter the state of the two input objects it gets!
        Returns:
        the result of the map-reduce operation, the final result of the last call to the `combiner` function, after all `mapper` results have been aggregated (in the `accumulator` and `combiner` steps)
        Throws:
        Exception
      • reduce

        @Contract(pure=true)
        public SortedMap<U,​X> reduce​(SerializableSupplier<X> identitySupplier,
                                           SerializableBinaryOperator<X> accumulator)
                                    throws Exception
        Map-reduce routine with built-in aggregation (shorthand syntax).

        This can be used to perform an arbitrary reduce routine whose results are aggregated separately according to some custom index value.

        This variant is shorter to program than `reduce(identitySupplier, accumulator, combiner)`, but can only be used if the result type is the same as the current `map`ped type <X>. Also this variant can be less efficient since it cannot benefit from the mutability freedoms the accumulator+combiner approach has.

        The combination of the used types and identity/reducer functions must make "mathematical" sense:

        • the accumulator and combiner functions need to be associative,
        • values generated by the identitySupplier factory must be an identity for the combiner function: `combiner(identitySupplier(),x)` must be equal to `x`,
        • the combiner function must be compatible with the accumulator function: `combiner(u, accumulator(identitySupplier(), t)) == accumulator.apply(u, t)`

        Functionally, this interface is similar to Java11 Stream's reduce(identity,accumulator,combiner) interface.

        Parameters:
        identitySupplier - a factory function that returns a new starting value to reduce results into (e.g. when summing values, one needs to start at zero)
        accumulator - a function that takes a result from the `mapper` function (type <X>) and an accumulation value (also of type <X>, e.g. the result of `identitySupplier()`) and returns the "sum" of the two; contrary to `combiner`, this function is not to alter (mutate) the state of the accumulation value (e.g. directly adding new values to an existing Set object)
        Returns:
        the result of the map-reduce operation, the final result of the last call to the `combiner` function, after all `mapper` results have been aggregated (in the `accumulator` and `combiner` steps)
        Throws:
        Exception
      • osmType

        @Deprecated(since="0.7.0",
                    forRemoval=true)
        @Contract(pure=true)
        public default M osmType​(OSMType type1,
                                 OSMType... otherTypes)
        Deprecated, for removal: This API element is subject to removal in a future version.
        use oshdb-filter filter(String) instead
        Limits the analysis to the given osm entity types.
        Parameters:
        type1 - the set of osm types to filter (e.g. `OSMType.NODE`)
        otherTypes - more osm types which should be analyzed
        Returns:
        `this` mapReducer (can be used to chain multiple commands together)